According to the type of water distribution system, the cooling huts can be separated by:
- Free cooling
According to the principle of providing atmospheric air, the cooling towers are separated by:
- When air is blown by the fan.
Advantage: High quality, fast water cooling
Disadvantage: high energy costs
- When the air draft is created with custom design and height
Advantage: Low energy costs
Disadvantage: slow cooling of the water
- Open or atmospheric cooling towers that use the natural movement of wind power and air masses as they pass through the tower
Advantage: Almost no energy consumption
Disadvantage: slow cooling of the water, large size
- Launch using natural air inflow and water spraying on special channels
Advantage: Rapid cooling of water by creating a vacuum effect
Disadvantage: high energy costs.
In the direction of water and air movement:
Advantages: In such cooling towers heat transfer is created due to the greatest temperature drop and consequently a large aerodynamic drag.
Disadvantages: Water loss is excessive,
- Cross flow
Advantage: Less drops.
Disadvantage: Low aerodynamic resistance;
- Mixed flow
It is used as counter current and cross current.